Griffiths, M.D. (1994) 'The role of cognitive bias and skill in fruit machine gambling.'
Griffiths' study on gambling looks at the thought processes of gamblers and non-gamblers and finds some differences in perception of the skills needed to win on slots. It introduces the thinking aloud method.
'Collecting Data - 'Thinking Aloud'
This involves participants thinking aloud as they are performing a set of specified tasks e.g. playing on a fruit machine. They are asked to say whatever they are looking at, thinking, doing, and feeling, as they go about their task. This enables the observers to see first-hand the process of task completion (rather than only its final product). Observers objectively take notes of everything that users say, without attempting to interpret their actions and words. Test sessions are often audio and / or video taped so that the researcher can refer to what participants did, and how they reacted. The purpose of this method is to make explicit what is implicitly present in subjects who are able to perform a specific task.
Textbook - Read pages 140-147
Answer questions on page 147.
Visit the Gamblers' Anonymous website.
Open the 'About' tab and read the information about Gamblers' Anonymous (at the bottom of the page)
Open the 'Media Files' tab and in 'Literature' read the pdf article about 'The Wheel of Misfortune'.